Over time, some who’ve tried to reopen the Shapira case have speculated that the manuscript may be a “rewritten Bible” of the kind discovered among the many Lifeless Sea Scrolls — texts that revised the canonical books of the Bible, to make clear sure factors or enchantment to new readers.
However Gesundheit, of Hebrew College, stated the absence of the legal guidelines means that V is older than Deuteronomy. In antiquity, he stated, individuals who copied biblical texts may add or compile totally different variations. However they didn’t delete, he stated.
“For them, the textual content was holy,” he stated. “It’s laborious to imagine someone would delete these divine legal guidelines.” Furthermore, he stated, V’s model is “smoother and appears extra unique” than canonical Deuteronomy, the place the legal guidelines “interrupt the narrative stream between the start and the tip of the guide.”
And the implications of the absence of the legal guidelines, Gesundheit stated, are huge. “These legal guidelines are actually necessary for the historical past of Judaism, for Christianity, for the custom,” he stated. “Now we have complete libraries of interpretations of the legal guidelines, however abruptly we see that there may have been a model which solely speaks of beliefs and tales and theology, with out the legal guidelines.”
As for the Ten Commandments — or “proclamations,” as Dershowitz interprets it — they take a kind that’s fairly totally different from the acquainted textual content, Dershowitz stated. They’re all rendered within the first-person, from the standpoint of the deity — for instance, “I made the heavens and the earth.…” (Within the canonical model, they’re within the third individual.)
And the presentation, in sharp distinction to biblical custom, implies that there have been no different divine legal guidelines communicated by Moses.