In line with the 2019 report by the European Fee on equality between women and men within the EU, the gender wage hole nonetheless preservers among the many European Union member states. Regardless of an elevated presence of themes associated to gender equality within the public debate, we’re nonetheless far behind reaching gender equality by way of salaries. The identical report highlights how the gender pay hole has decreased by simply 0.6 p.c from 2014 to 2017, going from 16.6 p.c to 16 p.c. Decrease wages impacts the livelihood of ladies in many various methods, corresponding to placing them extra vulnerable to dwelling in poverty and incomes decrease pensions when retiring from work. The European Union pointers outline “poverty”, when one’s revenue is under the 60 p.c of the median nation wherein they stay.
As proven within the following graph, Eurostat information reveals how ladies of working age (16 and over) usually tend to expertise social exclusion and stay under the poverty threshold than males, with the gender hole on this regard barely reducing, going from 2.7 p.c in 2010, to an estimated 2.4 p.c in 2019, the 12 months with the latest accessible information.
The gender pension hole is the index that has dropped probably the most, going from 34.7 p.c in 2011, to 30.1 p.c in 2019, a lower of 4.6 p.c. However, despite being the datum that has improved probably the most among the many ones analysed right here, it nonetheless averages round 30 p.c.
The gender pension hole is an extra trigger for a better variety of ladies over the age of 65 being vulnerable to poverty and social exclusion. As is the case for the opposite indexes, this one as nicely has decreased over time, though at a really sluggish tempo, going from 6.4 p.c in 2011, to five p.c in 2019.