AsianScientist (Might. 5, 2021) – Whether or not combating the continued menace of COVID-19 or the worsening state of the atmosphere, the scientific neighborhood has been nothing however persistent find revolutionary options to the world’s best challenges. To acknowledge the trailblazing researchers making waves throughout industries, Asian Scientist Journal launched the annual Asian Scientist 100 record this month—celebrating the area’s scientific contributions within the course of.
Our prime tales for April element how researchers are deploying supercomputers to crunch the numbers of local weather change, sounding the alarm bells for its disastrous results whereas uncovering potential methods to mitigate the disaster. In the meantime, within the public well being area, examine how a spread of interventions in Asia, from homegrown vaccines to calibrated lockdowns, are redefining worldwide efforts to stave off COVID-19’s unfold.
In the event you missed the most recent scientific developments from Asia, listed here are our highlights from April 2021 to convey you on top of things.
Greater than a yr into the pandemic, one factor is for certain: containing the coronavirus requires a multi-faceted method, combining each medical interventions and neighborhood insurance policies. For its newest print concern, Asian Scientist Journal took a deep dive into these methods, starting from mask-wearing to vaccine growth.
In the meantime, in Vietnam, sturdy management has proven how aggressive contact tracing, localized lockdowns and clear communication can stop viral unfold even in low-resource settings. Certainly, stopping viral transmission in its tracks—and never simply treating extreme illness—stays a prime precedence. This comes particularly within the wake of rising accounts of long-haulers, who are suffering from the COVID-19’s persisting results lengthy after restoration.
With the consequences of local weather change at our doorstep, the world’s strongest supercomputers are being deployed to speed up our response to the disaster. And but, paradoxically, as a result of monumental quantities of energy they devour, supercomputers may also contribute vital emissions within the course of.
Nonetheless, Japan’s Fugaku has discovered a technique to stability efficiency with effectivity. Regardless of being the quickest supercomputer globally, it’s also one of the vital energy-efficient. Accordingly, it’s at the moment being harnessed for sustainable power technology and greener manufacturing.
Elsewhere, supercomputers are sifting by way of mounds of information at breakneck pace to simulate the results of worldwide warming and air pollution throughout Asia. Cities, specifically, could be the battleground for the struggle in opposition to local weather change. In Singapore, supercomputers are main the cost—serving to researchers discover novel methods to maintain cities cool and beat the warmth.
From rising scientists with recent concepts to veteran students sharpened by expertise, the 2021 version of our Asian Scientist 100 highlights the area’s distinctive researchers who’ve pushed science ahead amid an exceptionally troublesome yr.
Confronted with nice disruption and uncertainty, many scientists in Asia shortly pivoted their efforts to fight COVID-19—as an example, by growing vaccine allocation fashions and producing highly-accurate speedy take a look at kits. Others remained centered on advancing science in different domains, leading to breakthroughs just like the world’s largest Asian genetic database and mussel-inspired biomaterials for drug supply.
With representatives from 13 completely different international locations, this yr’s record not solely honors sensible minds, but additionally hopes to encourage the subsequent technology of scientific leaders throughout Asia.
As the worth of the cryptocurrency market swells to new all-time highs, the dominant digital forex Bitcoin has additionally exponentially pushed up its operations in China. However the extremely worthwhile Bitcoin mining, the place rewards are supplied for fixing advanced issues, comes at the price of sustainability, in response to simulations carried out by Chinese language researchers.
Based mostly on the crew’s programs dynamics mannequin, carbon emissions from China’s Bitcoin mining sector will skyrocket to an estimated 130 million metric tons by 2024. With out coverage interventions akin to regulating mining websites, the energy-intensive technology of digital tokens might lead to an enormous dent in China’s—and the globe’s—carbon discount objectives.
A China-US crew has created the world’s first human-monkey embryo. Known as a chimera, this mishmash of cells from completely different organisms isn’t fairly just like the hybrid beasts from Greek mythology—nevertheless it’s definitely an enormous step ahead for developmental biology.
Regardless of solely residing as much as 20 days at most, the human-monkey chimeras allowed researchers to map out new pathways for intercellular and interspecies communication. Whereas the examine has sparked appreciable moral debate, such chimeras could sometime be used to display screen medicine and even generate transplantable cells, tissues or organs.
Copyright: Asian Scientist Journal; Illustration: Oi Keat Lam/Asian Scientist.
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