Second on Bloomberg‘s second record of the ‘new’ Seven Wonders of the World, Baalbek, can be popularly referred to as the Metropolis of the Solar. The two,000-year-old metropolis situated within the Bekka Valley is a big archaeological complicated that surrounds an historical Roman city in japanese Lebanon. This complicated is elevated 1,130metres and 80km east-northeast of Beirut. It was initially created to honour Jupiter and Bacchus.
Baalbek has three temples (Jupiter, Venus, and Mercury) referred to as the Romanised Triad of Heliopolis.
Not solely has this website made it onto the Bloomberg record of ‘new’ Seven Wonders of the World however was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Web site in 1984.
Extraordinary for its 20m excessive columns and gigantic stones of its terrace, the Temple of Jupiter is the principal temple of the triad and was accomplished within the 2nd century. Solely small parts of the temple nonetheless exist immediately, however earlier than it was a large constructing with an entranceway that led right into a hexagonal forecourt the place it’s presumed dances had been carried out.
Adjoining to the Temple of Jupiter is the richly and profusely adorned Bacchus temple with majestic dimensions and a monumental gate sculpted with Bacchic figures. This temple is a dedication to Bacchus, the god of wine.
In a metropolis the place different sanctuaries are marked by monumental buildings, the Temple of Venus has a really totally different format and refinement when in comparison with the opposite temples. It was constructed within the third century on high of a horseshoe-shaped platform. The temple was later used as a church, devoted to Saint Babara, recognized within the Japanese Orthodox Church because the Nice Martyr Barbara.
The Temple of Mercury was situated on Cheikh Abdallah Hill and UNESCO has introduced that solely a stairway carved from a rock is proof that it as soon as existed.
Keep tuned for the subsequent half in our collection on Bloomberg’s new Seven World Wonders no 3: Nahanni, Canada
Bloomberg’s ‘new’ Seven World Wonders no 1: Antequera Dolmens, Spain
Supply: Britannica, UNESCO