A senior MEP has welcomed the Kazakh authorities’s renewed pledge to diversify its economic system and develop new industries whereas additionally selling environmental safety, writes Colin Stevens.
Latvian Socialist member Andris Ameriks was talking after a global local weather congress titled “Form a Sustainable Future” was held in the Kazakh capital on 3-4 June.
The congress featured periods, the place local weather cooperation between Kazakhstan and the European Union, the realities and prospects of industries going inexperienced, in addition to problems with a round economic system and sensible cities, have been mentioned.
Kazakh Minister of Ecology, Geology, and Pure Sources Magzum Mirzagaliyev advised members that the nation’s sustainable improvement contains a full evaluation of the most weak sectors, reminiscent of water, agriculture, forestry and civil safety.
EU Commissioner for Agriculture Janusz Wojciechowski additionally took half within the occasion, saying that options to local weather issues “can’t be separated” from reforms within the agro-industrial advanced.
Wojciechowski advised the convention that sustainable agriculture offers a viable likelihood for small and medium-sized farms to extend their added worth and makes a big contribution to assembly local weather commitments.
The occasion concluded with an adoption of a decision that displays the proposals and suggestions of the members aimed to help Kazakhstan in assembly its commitments underneath the Paris Settlement.
Additional response to Kazakhstan’s environmental efforts comes from Jean-Francois Marteau, World Financial institution Nation Supervisor for Kazakhstan, who mentioned: “Kazakhstan has the potential to be a local weather chief in Central Asia.
“I am assured the federal government’s dedication to coverage and institutional actions, technical measures, and related investments may also help Kazakhstan meet its 2030 targets and assist a long-term technique in the direction of carbon neutrality by 2060.”
A number of examples of such efforts embrace a 76 megawatt peak sola plant in Karaganda area of Kazakhstan. The mission is valued at $42.6 million.
The funding takes place underneath the European Financial institution for Reconstruction and Improvement’s €500 million Kazakhstan Renewables Framework, established in 2016 and prolonged in 2019, to assist the nation reply to the challenges of local weather change.
One other mission, a 100 MW wind farm in Zhanatas, southern Kazakhstan, was introduced in November
A European fee supply mentioned this month’s local weather convention in Nur-Sultan – and the Cop 26 assembly, to be held in Glasgow from 1-12 November – are alternatives for the Kazakhstani authorities to show to the worldwide neighborhood its dedication towards environmental safety.
“The renewable vitality initiatives funded by the EBRD will assist Kazakhstan obtain its carbon neutrality goal by 2060, however extra is required because the world is in a race towards time,” mentioned the supply.
Ameriks is vice chair of the European parliament’s delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan, EU-Uzbekistan and EU-Tajikistan Parliamentary Co-operation Committees and for relations with Turkmenistan and Mongolia.
Talking to this web site, he additionally welcomed ever nearer ties between the EU and Kazakhstan.
He famous that the two sides celebrated the primary anniversary of their Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Settlement (EPCA), which entered into pressure on 1 March, 2020.
“The brand new settlement, Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Settlement (EPCA) signed by the EU and Kazakhstan in 2015, replaces the earlier settlement and brings our additional cooperation to a subsequent stage by masking a variety of recent fields for co-operation.”
Ameriks, an economist and former deputy mayor of Riga, mentioned: “The EPCA creates an enhanced authorized foundation for EU-Kazakhstan relations, offering a broad
framework for strengthened political dialogue. It additionally enhances concrete cooperation in key coverage areas, together with within the sectors of financial and monetary cooperation, vitality, transport, surroundings and local weather change, employment and social affairs, tradition, training and analysis.”
Ameriks, an MEP since the 2019 elections, mentioned: “The historical past of the connection between Kazakhstan and the EU already counts many years and assist from the European Union has been necessary to Kazakhstan’s improvement since the nation’s independence in 1991.
“I want to assume that this assist makes win-win scenario. By this assist, the EU can unfold its values past the EU, subsequently, it’s necessary to proceed cooperation for prosperity, democracy and stability on the earth.”
A spokesman for the European Exterior Motion Service additionally welcomed such developments particularly: “The continuing reform and modernisation processes in Kazakhstan and the adoption of legal guidelines on elections and political events.
“The EU welcomes that for the first time a 30% quota will be launched in occasion lists for ladies and youth collectively.”