Befitting a scholarly establishment, Harvard’s 134-page report, which incorporates two appendices, is dense, detailed and even “stunning,” because the college’s president, Lawrence S. Bacow, stated in an e mail saying the initiative to college students, college and employees.
It says that enslaved individuals had been an “integral” a part of the college in its early days. They lived within the president’s residence on the Cambridge, Mass., campus and had been a part of the material, virtually invisible, of each day life.
“Enslaved women and men served Harvard presidents and professors and fed and cared for Harvard college students,” the report says.
Whereas New England’s picture has been linked in well-liked tradition to abolitionism, the report stated, rich plantation homeowners and Harvard had been mutually dependent.
“Nicely into the nineteenth century, the college and its donors benefited from in depth monetary ties to slavery,” the report stated. “These worthwhile monetary relationships included, most notably, the beneficence of donors who accrued their wealth by way of slave buying and selling; from the labor of enslaved individuals on plantations within the Caribbean islands and within the American South; and from the Northern textile manufacturing business, provided with cotton grown by enslaved individuals held in bondage.”
In flip, the report stated, the college profited from loans to Caribbean sugar planters, rum distillers and plantation suppliers, and from investments in cotton manufacturing.
Early makes an attempt at integration met with stiff resistance from Harvard leaders, who prized being a faculty for the white higher crust, together with rich white sons of the South, the report recounted.